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Natural Designations

Iraq’s protected landscapes are amongst its finest and most treasured landscapes in the world. The landscapes we see today are cultural landscapes – the result of thousands of years of human influence and the effect of people’s interactions with nature. They continue to be living and working landscapes and the people who manage the land today help safeguard their special qualities. Iraq heritage aim to officially designate all natural designations and help to safeguard them.

National Parks and AONB

Iraq’s National Parks and Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONBs) cover nearly a quarter of the land, which, together form some of our finest protected landscapes. As well as being landscapes of great aesthetic quality, these protected areas provide a major repository for some of our most important historic sites.

Our Natural Designations

In addition to National Parks and AONBs there are further national and international statutory environmental designations, which contribute to Iraq's natural environment and make a major contribution to national and regional character. These include the following:

  • Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI)
  • Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)
  • Special Protection Areas (SPA)
  • National Nature Reserves (NNR)
  • Local Nature Reserves (LNR)
  • Marine Protected Areas (MPA)

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