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Imam Husayn Shrine- karbala

Unlike any other city, Karbala has its named engraved in the memory of generations, believers remember that name with sorrow and distress, for they remember the history of the master of all martyrs, Imam Husayn, peace be upon him, and his sacrifice for Islam.

The Shrine of Husayn ibn Ali is a holy shrine in the city of Karbala, Iraq. It stands on the site of the grave of Husayn ibn Ali, the second grandson of Muhammad, near the place where he was killed during the Battle of Karbala in 680AD. Hundreds of Shia Muslims gather around the Husayn Mosque in Karbala after making the Pilgrimage on foot during Arba'een. Arba'een is a forty day period that commemorates the martyrdom of Husayn bin Ali, grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, and seventy-two of his followers at the Battle of Karbala in the year 680AD.The Umayyad and Abbasid caliphs prevented construction of the shrines and discouraged pilgrimage to the sites.The tomb and its annexes were destroyed by Abbasid caliph Al-Mutawakkil in 850-851 and Shi'a pilgrimage was prohibited, but shrines in Karbala and Najaf were built by the Buwayhid emir 'Adud al-Daula in 979-80.

The wave of visitors never stopped coming to Karbala, from the time the Umayyad and Abbaside caliphs prevented the construction of the shrines to the time the believers were able to build the precinct, despite the hardships and difficulties imposed on them. The tomb of Husayn ibn Ali is one of the holiest places for Shi‘as outside of Mecca and Medina, and many make pilgrimages to the site. Every year, millions of pilgrims visit the city to observe ‘Ashura, which marks the anniversary of Husayn ibn ‘Ali's death.

The Shrine of Abbas

Abu al-Fadl Abbas, peace be upon him, was the brother of Imam Hasan and Imam Husayn and the standard-bearer of Imam Husayn [a] in the Battle of Karbala. He is well known in history for his valour, loyalty and similarity to his father, the Lion of God, Ali b. Abi Talib, peace be upon him.

The grave of Abbas received similar attention as that of Imam Husayn . In the year 1032 AH, the King Tahmaseb ordered the decoration of the grave's dome. He built a window on the 'darih' around the grave and organized the precinct. Other similar activities were done by other rulers.

Karbala contains not only the grave of Imam Husayn and his brother but the graves of all the 72 martyrs of Karbala. They were buried in a mass grave which was then covered with soil to the ground level. This mass grave is at the foot of Imam Husayn. To the side of Imam Husayn are the the graves of his two sons Ali Akbar and 6-month old Ali Asgher.

Written By Aymen Jawad

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