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Abbasid Palace

To the left bank of the Tigris River in the al-Maiden neighbourhood of Baghdad Is the double story brick built palace. There is a lot of controversy with regards to when it was built, however stylistically it was probably constructed during al-Mustansir's caliphate period, dating it to the late Abbasid period (1175-1230 AD). Others say Excavations and restoration efforts have given us the impressions it was most likely functioned as a madrasa rather than a palace. 

The palace presents a impressing central courtyard, it contains many stunning arches and muqarnases in addition the remarkable ewan all carried out with brick work including the ceiling and facade. More recently parts of the palace where reconstructed and a new ewan was built to face it. Due to there being strong similarity beterrn the palace and Al-Mustansereyya School, many old Arab historians believe it is actually the Sharabiya School, a school for Islamic theology built in the 12th century. Opposite the magnificent ewan to the east, the western section of the court opened into a large hall that functioned as a musalla, a place to pray. This is further proof that it functioned as a madrasa rather than a is said that Parts of the building were reconstructed and where upon a collection of historical remains were exhibited in it representing certain stages of the country's Arab Islamic history.

We have to ensure we do not confuse the palace in baghdad with the Abbasid palace in Samarra was built by Abbasid caliph Al-Mu'tasim in 836, when he moved his capital from Baghdad to Samarra. It is one of the largest Abbasid era palaces to have survived to this day. The Palace is regarded as one of the most prominent historical landmarks of the city of samara together with the Grand mosque of Sammara and the Al-Askariyyain shrine.

Written by Aymen Jawad

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